Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Illustrations on Electronics and IT Exports by India

1.     All tables and all figures are displayed in a separate 'Appendix' given below 
2.     All the values are expressed in Crores (1 Crore = 10000000) of Rupees (Indian National Rupee - INR) in Table - 1 and Table -2
3.     Data on Exports of Electronics and IT (Information Technology) sectors are given in Table - 1 (with related visualizations in Figure - 1, Figure - 2, Figure - 3) and Table - 4 (with related visualization in Figure - 7, Figure - 8) 
a.  Export in IT sector is expressed as 'Computer Software' under 'IT & Computer Software' (please refer to Table - 1) 
b.    Exports in Electronics sector has been divided into following five sub-sectors (please refer to Table - 1)
                                                             i.      Consumer Electronics
                                                           ii.      Industrial Electronics
                                                        iii.      Computer Hardware
                                                         iv.      Communication & Broadcast Equipment
                                                           v.      Electronic Components
c.     In general, Electronics and IT exports have consistently grown in the period from 2007-08 to 2012-13 (Illustrated in Figure - 1 and Figure - 2)
d.   In terms of values of trade, exports in IT is quite higher in comparison to exports in Electronics (Illustrated in Figure - 3)
e.   It is observed that only in the year 2009-10, that total exports in Electronics sector was less than that of previous year (please refer to Table - 1)
f.     Export of sub-sector 'Consumer Electronics' shows increase in exported value from 2007-08 to 2009-10 but decrease in exported value from 2009-10 to 2012-13 (Illustrated in Figure - 2)
4.     Above mentioned observations can be summed up as follows:- 
a.   Consistent decrease in Consumer Electronics Exports during 2007-08 and 2009-10 and 
b.     A dip in total Electronics export in 2009-10
5.     Let us look into production in Electronics & IT sectors during the same period 
a.      Data related to Production in Electronics and IT sectors are given in Table - 2 (with corresponding visualizations in Figure - 4, Figure - 5 and Figure - 6) and Table - 5 (with corresponding visualizations in Figure - 9, Figure - 10 and Figure - 11)
b.   Production in IT are given as 'IT Software'; 'IT Software' is expressed in terms of two parameters 'Software for Exports' and 'Domestic Software'  (please refer to Table - 2) 
c.   Production in Electronics sector has been divided into following six sub-sectors (please refer to Table - 2)
                                                             i.      Consumer Electronics
                                                           ii.      Industrial Electronics
                                                        iii.      Computer Hardware
                                                         iv.      Communication & Broadcast Equipment
                                                           v.      Strategic Electronics
                                                         vi.      Electronic Components
d.  It may be noted that available data suggests that India produces products under 'Strategic Electronics' sub-sector, however exports data does not indicate any exports taking place under this sub-sector 
e.      Table - 2 and Table - 5 suggest that even though there has been a decrease in exports of 'Consumer Electronics' sub-sector in last couple of years (as mentioned in point 4 above), production of 'Consumer Electronics' has consistently increased all along 2007-08 through 2012-13
f.   Similarly, even though there has been a dip in total exports in Electronics sector in 2009-10 (refer point 4 above), total produce under Electronics sector in India has consistently increased all along 2007-08 through 2012-13
6.    Thus, comparative data available for production and for export in Electronics Sector appears to be supporting the view that the reason for observed reduction in exports in Electronics sector (as given in point 4(a) and 4(b)) could be due to increased local consumption of Electronic Products (this could be attributed to increase in local demand of electronic products)  
7.  Table - 5 suggests that in the IT sector, there is an increase in production of 'Software for Exports' as well as production of 'Domestic Software'  
8.     Table -3 suggests that production of 'Software for Exports' has been around 80% of Total Software Produce throughout the period 2007-08 to 2012-13


APPENDIX

TABLE - 1



FIGURE - 1



FIGURE - 2



FIGURE - 3



TABLE - 2



TABLE - 3

(Author's Calculations Based on Data in Table - 2)



FIGURE - 4



FIGURE - 5



FIGURE - 6



TABLE- 4 (A)

(Author's Calculations from Data in Table - 1 and Table - 2)



TABLE- 4 (B)

(Highlighting One Exceptionally High Value in TABLE - 4(A))




TABLE- 4 (C)

Removed One Exceptionally High Value in Table - 4 (B) - Used in Fugures Below




FIGURE - 7




FIGURE - 8




TABLE- 5 

(Author's Calculations from Data in Table - 1 and Table - 2)



FIGURE- 9






FIGURE- 10




FIGURE- 11



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